In the trading world, it's crucial to identify patterns that signal potential market reversals. The rounding bottom is one of them. It indicates a shift from a bearish to a bullish trend. In this article, we will discuss the rounding bottom pattern, find out how to identify it and learn how to trade it effectively using technical analysis and risk management strategies.
What Is the Rounding Bottom Pattern?
A rounding bottom is a price action pattern that has a "U" shape and highlights a reversal in a bearish trend. Depending on the selected timeframe, it may take anything from a few minutes to several months for it to form completely. As it is quite rare, traders need to have good knowledge of technical analysis to identify it on a price chart. Market participants may require volume and other indicators to confirm the reversal.
With FXOpen, you can trade the rounding bottom on multiple financial instruments, including forex, stock, ETF, index, cryptocurrency*, and commodity CFDs.
How Can You Identify a Rounding Bottom Pattern?
The rounding bottom appears when a price forms a trough in a bearish trend and rebounds, creating a gradual curve that becomes more pronounced as the rally progresses. It is usually confirmed when the security breaks above its resistance level, known as the neckline.
The resistance, or the neckline, is a technical level of resistance that forms a horizontal line connecting the high points in the rounding bottom, where the market has struggled to break above.
A rounding bottom formation on the M30 chart of EURUSD. Traders can classify it into three main areas: a decline towards the short side, consolidation, and a reversal to the top.
In contrast to a rounding bottom, there is a rounding top pattern which is formed in an uptrend and signals a reversal.
Above, you can see a rounding top price action on the hourly chart of USDJPY. It resembles an upside-down "U" and is formed when the price of an asset rises to a peak, then begins to consolidate and forms a series of lower highs and lower lows. There will be a support neckline instead of a resistance which can be placed by connecting the two or more lowest points of the rounding top with a horizontal line.
Rounding Bottom vs Cup and Handle Pattern
The rounding bottom and cup and handle formations look similar; however, there are specific differences that you should note to avoid confusing them with each other. The former points to a trend reversal, while the latter signals a trend continuation. That is, the rounding bottom is a bullish reversal setup, and the cup and handle is generally a bullish continuation formation. To distinguish between them, look for a handle – the rounding bottom does not have one.
In the cup and handle setup, the price forms a trough in a bullish trend and then rises to resistance, but the uptrend doesn’t continue before a handle is formed. Only a breakout above the handle signals the continuation of the uptrend.
The rounding bottom formation does not have a handle. Instead, the market continues straight to the bullish trend.
You can use the FXOpen TickTrader platform to examine the rounding bottom and cup and handle formations for free before you enter the live market.
Trading with the Rounding Bottom Pattern
Traders can observe the pattern on all timeframes, i.e., weekly, daily, 1 minute, etc. After identifying the rounded bottom chart pattern, wait for the price to close above the neckline. The stop-loss order is usually placed below the neckline, but its distance depends on the risk-reward ratio and market conditions. For a take-profit level, traders measure the distance between the trough and the neckline and use that same value from the neckline towards the top.