What a Mitigation Block Is, and How You Can Use It When Trading Forex


Understanding specific market mechanisms like mitigation blocks may enhance strategic decision-making. This article delves into the concept of mitigation blocks, detailing their definition, function, and practical application within forex.

Definition and Function of a Mitigation Block

A mitigation block in forex trading refers to a specific order block on a chart that indicates where previous movements have stalled and reversed, marking it as a potential area for future market turns. This concept within the Smart Money framework is crucial for traders looking to manage their positions by taking advantage of strategic entry and exit points.

The idea behind these areas is rooted in the dynamics of supply and demand within forex. When a currency pair reaches a level where buyers or sellers have previously entered the market in force, causing a reversal, it suggests a potential repeat of such actions when the price returns to the area.

Characteristics and How to Identify a Mitigation Block

Mitigation blocks can be bullish or bearish, each with distinct characteristics:

  • Bearish Mitigation Block: This type forms during an uptrend and is identified by a significant peak followed by a decline and a failed attempt to reach or surpass the previous high, creating a lower high. When prices drop below the previous low, the order block above the low becomes mitigation. It may be characterised by an increase in selling volume as the price approaches the level, signalling resistance and a potential downward reversal.
  • Bullish Mitigation Block: Conversely, a bullish type is established during a downtrend. It is characterised by a significant trough, followed by a rise to form a higher low, and a failure to drop below the previous low. As the pair moves up, the order block below the high marks mitigation one. This area often shows an increase in buying volume as the price approaches, indicating support and a potential upward reversal.

To have a go at identifying your own blocks, head over to FXOpen’s free TickTrader platform to access a world of currency pairs and charting tools.

Mitigation Block vs Breaker Block

Mitigation and breaker blocks are both significant in identifying potential trend reversals in forex trading, but they have distinct characteristics that set them apart. A mitigation block forms after a failure swing, which occurs when the market attempts but fails to surpass a previous peak in an uptrend or a previous trough in a downtrend. The pattern indicates a loss of momentum and a potential reversal as the price fails to sustain its previous direction.

On the other hand, a breaker block is characterised by the formation of a new high or low before the market structure is broken, indicating that liquidity has been taken. This means that although the trend initially looked set to continue, it quickly reverses and breaks structure.

In effect, a breaker appears when the market takes liquidity beyond a swing point before reversing the trend. A mitigation appears when the price doesn’t move beyond the trend’s most recent high or low, instead plotting a lower high or higher low before reversing the trend.

How to Use Mitigation Blocks in Trading

Areas of mitigation in trading can be essential tools for identifying potential trend reversals and entry points. When they align with a trader's analysis that anticipates a reversal at a certain level, it can serve as a robust confirmation for entry.

Traders can effectively utilise these zones by simply placing a limit order within the area once it is considered valid. Validation occurs after a new peak or trough is established following the initial failure swing that forms the mitigation area.

If a liquidity void or fair-value gap is present, the trader may look for such a gap to be filled before their limit order is triggered, potentially offering a tighter entry. Stop losses might be placed beyond the failure swing or the most extreme point.

Furthermore, if a mitigation block is identified on a higher timeframe, traders can refine their entry by switching to a lower timeframe. This approach allows for a tighter entry point and potentially better risk management, as it offers more granular insight into the momentum around the area.

Common Mistakes and Limitations

While these blocks are valuable for forex trading, they come with potential pitfalls and limitations that traders should know.

  • Overreliance: Relying solely on mitigation blocks without corroborating with other trading indicators can lead to misjudged entries and exits.
  • Ignoring Context: Using these zones without considering the broader market conditions may result in trading against a prevailing strong trend.
  • Misinterpretation: Incorrect identification can lead to erroneous trading decisions, especially for less experienced traders.
  • False Signals: Mitigation blocks can sometimes appear to signal a reversal but instead lead to a continuation of the trend, trapping traders in unfavourable positions.

The Bottom Line

Understanding mitigation blocks offers traders a strategic edge in navigating the forex market. They can be vital for recognising potential price reversals and improving trading outcomes.

For those looking to apply these concepts in a practical trading environment, opening an FXOpen account offers the opportunity to put theory into practice across dozens of currency pairs complemented by robust tools and insights.


What Is a Mitigation Block?

A mitigation block in forex trading is an order block that identifies potential reversal points. It signals where a currency pair has previously stalled, indicating strong buying or selling pressure, suggesting a potential for similar reactions in future encounters with these levels.

How Do You Identify a Mitigation Block?

Mitigation blocks are identified by analysing charts for areas where previous highs or lows were not surpassed, leading to a reversal. Traders look for a sequence of movements, including a swing high or low followed by a retracement that fails to exceed the previous swing.

What Is the Difference Between a Breaker Block and a Mitigation Block?

While both indicate potential reversals, a breaker block forms when the price makes a new high or low before reversing, suggesting a temporary continuation of the trend. In contrast, a mitigation block forms without creating a new extreme, indicating a direct loss of momentum and an immediate potential for reversal.

This article represents the opinion of the Companies operating under the FXOpen brand only. It is not to be construed as an offer, solicitation, or recommendation with respect to products and services provided by the Companies operating under the FXOpen brand, nor is it to be considered financial advice.

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