What Is a Blue Chip Stock?


Investing and trading the stock market is like navigating a vast sea of options, each with its own set of risks and rewards. For those seeking stability, reliability, and the potential for long-term growth, blue chip stocks have long been a beacon of hope. But what exactly are they, and why do some traders avoid them? This FXOpen article examines what a blue chip stock is and why it is valuable to investors and traders.

What Is Considered a Blue Chip Stock?

A blue chip stock is a stock of a reputable, profitable, and recognised company. It is characterised by a high market capitalisation, a listing on a major stock exchange, and a history of reliable growth. Such stocks are known for their stability, which means they have lower volatility than other stock classes.

The term comes from the world of poker, where blue chips have the highest value. Similarly, in the stock market, these are the most valuable and sought-after investment options. What is an example of a blue chip stock? Shares in IBM, Coca-Cola and McDonald's are considered blue-chip. Below, you will find more examples from different industries.

Key Features

Companies offering blue chip stocks have four core features that make them attractive to traders. These are:

  • Financial stability. They typically have strong balance sheets, healthy cash flows, and minimal debt, making them less susceptible to financial crises.
  • Leadership. Large issuing companies are leaders in their industries, typically holding a dominant market share.
  • Consistent dividends. These companies pay regular dividends, providing investors with a reliable income stream.
  • Longevity. They have a track record of long-term success and a history of adapting to changing conditions.

What Is the Difference Between a Regular Stock and a Blue Chip Stock?

Blue chip and regular shares differ in several ways. In the comparison table, you’ll see the main differences between them.

Blue Chip Stocks

Regular Stocks

Issued by large companies with excellent reputations

Issued by any company, regardless of size and reputation

These companies have dependable earnings and usually pay dividends

May not pay dividends

These companies have market capitalisations in the billions of dollars

These companies have market capitalisations that vary widely

These companies are generally the market leaders or among the top in their sectors

These companies may not be market leaders in their sectors

Are included in the most reputable indices  

May not be included in indices 

Less volatile than other stock classes

May experience a high level of volatility

Blue chip stocks are often seen as a safe haven during periods of economic instability. These shares tend to weather market downturns better than other stock types. They are also the cornerstone of many long-term investment strategies.

What Is the Difference Between a Blue Chip Stock and a Speculative Stock?

In addition to top-tier and regular stocks, there are also speculative ones. Let’s look at their main characteristics to see how they differ from blue chips:

  • They are issued by companies that don’t have a strong business model or don’t show solid strength.
  • They are more volatile than other stock classes.
  • They have the potential for appreciation.
  • They have much lower prices than other shares.

The issuing companies may be operating under new management or have the potential to become a monopoly or develop a very lucrative product that could cause the stock price to go upward. For the above reasons, blue chip stocks are generally less volatile and preferred by conservative investors, while speculative ones fluctuate more and are preferred by more risk-tolerant investors.

What Are Some Famous Examples of Blue Chip Shares?

Now that you know a lot about the key characteristics of various shares, you may want to ask the question, “What is an example of a blue chip stock?”.



Consumer Goods

Financial Services

Apple (AAPL)

Johnson & Johnson (JNJ)

Procter & Gamble Company (PG)

JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM)

Microsoft Corporation (MSFT)

Pfizer (PFE)

Coca-Cola Company (KO)

Visa (V)

Meta Platforms (META)

AbbVie (ABBV)

Walmart (WMT)

Goldman Sachs Group (GS)

What Is a Catalyst for a Blue Chip Stock?

A catalyst can be an event or news that causes a significant change in the performance of the stock. General market trends can also be catalysts. For blue chip stocks, these are typically:

  • Strong earnings reports
  • News about a corporation’s products or services
  • Mergers and acquisitions
  • Changes in management or leadership
  • Economic or political events affecting the corporation
  • Changes in interest rates
  • Changes in consumer preferences

Catalysts have a significant impact on the performance of blue chip stocks, so it’s important for traders to stay abreast of industry developments. You can explore our blog to keep up to date with the latest news.

Risks and Considerations

While top-tier stocks offer numerous benefits, they are not without risks. They also suffer during severe economic recessions or crises. While less volatile, blue chip shares are not immune to fluctuations. They may not offer the rapid growth potential seen in smaller, high-risk investments. Finally, they can sometimes become overvalued, leading to subpar returns.

Final Thoughts

Blue chip stocks have stood the test of time as reliable, financially stable investments. They play a crucial role in diversified portfolios, providing stability and long-term growth potential. However, investors and traders must be mindful of the associated risks and stay informed about market conditions to make informed decisions when putting money in these elite shares. If you want to try trading blue chip shares or more volatile stocks, you can open an FXOpen account. You can also consider using the TickTrader platform to conduct technical analysis and take advantage of the advanced charts and indicators.

This article represents the opinion of the Companies operating under the FXOpen brand only. It is not to be construed as an offer, solicitation, or recommendation with respect to products and services provided by the Companies operating under the FXOpen brand, nor is it to be considered financial advice.

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